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 –  Who doesn't want skin that looks radiant and even in color? A bright, even skin tone is a hallmark of beauty and sign of healthy, youthful skin. A number of things can cause skin to be uneven in color. Years of sun exposure can cause pigmented areas to form called sun spots. These dark spots are the result of too much melanin being deposited underneath the skin. What causes this to happen? Hormonal changes and the birth control pill are contributing factors. Aging itself causes skin to lose some of its radiance as skin cell turnover slows down and dead skin cells accumulate on the surface of skin causing it to look dull. But the main cause is sun exposure. Fortunately, there are ingredients that help to lighten pigmented areas and brighten skin that's lost its luster.
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One ingredient in skin care products that helps to lighten areas of increased pigmentation is niacinamide. Niacinamide is a type of B-vitamin and is often referred to as vitamin B3. Niacinamide has the benefit of being a stable ingredient in products unlike some ingredients that break down when exposed to light or moisture. Research shows its effectiveness for addressing areas of dark pigmentation due to sun exposure, hormonal changes and pigmentation that comes from inflammation, also known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can arise from picking at a pimple or procedures like laser treatments that irritate the skin. Niacinamide, being a vitamin, is a natural approach to addressing this problem.

Another vitamin that has skin lightening and brightening benefits is vitamin C, a vitamin also known for its antioxidant properties. Not only does it help to lighten areas of pigmentation and brighten a dull complexion - it helps to ease inflammation and protect skin from future changes in pigment. Along with vitamin A and E - it’s a powerful antioxidant vitamin that protects skin from environmental damage from exposure to free radicals.

Another combination of ingredients that work together to lighten areas of pigmentation is melanyde, pre-tocopheryl and retinaldhyde. Pre-tocopheryl is a form of vitamin E that's more stable to light. It works alongside melanyde to reduce synthesis of melanin so less of this pigment is produced. At the same time, retinaldehyde, a form of vitamin A, helps to slough off pigmented skin cells. These three ingredients work in perfect synergy in some moisturizers to fight excess pigmentation and uneven skin tone.

Another ingredient to look for in skin lightening and brightening products is licorice extract. This natural compound contains a chemical called glabridin that blocks the production of melanin by cells called melanocytes. At the same time, it helps to ease inflammation that contributes to increased pigment production. You can find these ingredients in a variety of fade creams.

Peptides, short sequences of amino acids, also appear to lighten pigmented areas and revitalize aging skin. Peptides have a variety of benefits for skin health and skin renewal and are growing in popularity as an ingredient in lotions and other skin care products due to their anti-aging benefits.

As you can see, there are a number of skin care ingredients that help to lighten pigmented areas, even out skin tone and brighten skin that may have lost its youthful radiance. Keep in mind that it's important to wear a sunscreen daily to reduce the risk of future problems.

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